Pregnancy also known as gestation, according to the American college of obstetricians and gynaecologists (ACOG), is the condition or state in which a woman carries a fertilized egg inside her body. After the egg is fertilized by the sperm and then implanted in the lining of the uterus, it develops into placenta and embryo, and later into a foetus.
In humans, this process takes about nine months, 36-40 weeks and 264-280 days from the first day of the last menstrual period (LMP). Pregnancy can occur by sexual intercourse or assisted reproductive technology.
However, during pregnancy both she and her developing child face various health risks such as high blood pressure, gestational diabetes, preterm labour, pregnancy loss/miscarriage, still birth etc..
There are three segments of pregnancy and they are called trimesters.
1. First trimester: (Week 1 to Week 12)
2. Second trimesters: (Week 13 to Week 28)
3. Third trimesters: (Week 29 to Week 40)
If you are trying to get pregnant, practising good eating habits can help you have a healthy pregnancy once you conceive. ‘’ what you eat affects everything from your blood to your cells to your hormones’’ says Cynthia Stadd, a nutrition specialist at the Berkley centre for reproductive wellness in New York City.
Women who shun fruits or eat a lot of quick meals take longer to get pregnant and are much less prone to conceive inside a year, in line with study.
An almost no fruit diet in comparison with one loaded with three or extra items per day added about two weeks on common to the time of conception, researchers reported within the peer-reviewed journal human reproduction.
“These findings show that eating a good quality diet that includes fruits and minimising fast food consumption improves fertility and reduces the time it takes to get pregnant”, stated lead researcher Claire Robers, a professor on the University of Adelaide in Australia